… The good news is she kind of lives on as she sprouts pups at the base of her stem. Give them well draining soil in a just big enough container with adequate drainage and they’ll be happy. Some are small enough to fit in a fish bowl terrarium, others bigger than a VW bug. Just use cotton with rubbing alcohol to clean the blade. A young bromeliad should flower within two to three years, but some species of bromeliads can take up to six years to flower, so you'll need to have some patience and enjoy their foliage in the meantime. The Right Soil. Don’t use regular potting soil; it drains too slowly. What you need to know about bromeliad Name: bromeliad (family Bromeliaceae, multiple Genera, some of the most well known being Aechmea sp., Guzmania sp., Neoregelia sp., Vriesea sp. About the author: Alex Cadalso is a longtime writer/editor with a journalism degree contributing to bromeliad.com. Its size (about 2 feet tall and up to 2 feet wide), makes it compact enough to put in different areas of your home. The ideal temperature for growing guzmanias is between 70 and 80 degrees Fahrenheit. Epiphytes need a lightweight, fast draining mix without too much water holding capacity, or they will be susceptible to rot. In addition to being beautiful to look at, they are also easy to grow. Terrestrial Bromeliads are generally larger and have root systems similar to other more common plants which have greater soil volume and moisture requirements. If bromeliad flowers are not the primary focus but color overall the Neoregelia family is hard to beat especially on a bright patio. They never have to dig through and extend though the soil. Thus, you don’t need to take extra precautions if you have kids and pets. Plant type: evergreen flowering plant Height: varies with genus, from less than 10cm to more than 2m. Bromeliads in general are not toxic. This feature makes bromeliads different from most other plants. It is too dense and does not allow for proper drainage. This keeps it from toppling over as it grows. This ensures that no bacteria can be transferred to the plant’s open wound. My favorites bromeliads are: neoregelia, aechmea, and guzmania. But, they can’t stay under direct sunlight for too long otherwise they’ll burn. The roots are just to anchor them onto whatever they’re growing on – trees, rocks, etc. While there’s not need to repot your guzmania bromeliad, go make sure that you put enough weight at the bottom of the pot to keep it from tipping. Bromeliad Guzmania provides long-lasting color for interior plantings and shady patios. Soil: Guzmania lingulata prefers bromeliad or orchid potting soil. For these varieties we use: 70% peat and 30% perlite. So, during the fall and winter, it’s a good ideal to use less water. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. These are what turn into your new guzmanias. Some like high light, others need deep shade. Tillandsias are a first cousin to the bromeliads that are mostly grown and are true ‘air … Grown indoors, you’ll likely never need to deal with pests. Epiphytic species draw moisture primarily from their cup and leaves, so the pot and soil are mostly for anchorage instead of nutrient and moisture retention like terrestrial plants. There are specialty soils designed for terrestrial bromeliads, but if you don’t have access to a bromeliad mix, an orchid mix can work equally well. Because guzmanias use their roots to cling onto other plants, they’re not as efficient in absorbing nutrients (unlike most plants use their roots). It is also why the roots of epiphytic bromeliads are not as well developed as other plants. Thus, while the plant’s life cycle seems like a sad one, it does make propagation much easier for you compared to other plants which need to be divided, grown by seed or stem cutting. Thus, this setup allows their roots to be exposed. However, the biggest problem with humidity for most homes are air conditioning and heaters, both of which blow hot or cold air into room. Guzmania lingulata is very similar to orchid in term of caring. They’re in the same family as Spanish moss and pineapples. Instead, they cling onto other plants like trees and get their sustenance from the wind, air and debris that fall from the bigger plant. For miniatures (plants 7” tall or less) and offsets, we use 4” azalea pots, which are more shallow than a standard pot. Tropical Bromeliad (Guzmania lingulata major) prefer moderate to high humidity. Guzmania take in water through their central tank and leaves in addition to their roots. Guzmanias, like other bromeliads, get their nutrients from matter which falls on them from plants growing above. This is a relatively low maintenance plant, and can grow as a potted plant or mounted onto ornamental driftwood or stems. Guzmanias like bright, indirect light. What this means is that you need a potting mix that is loose (lightweight) and easily allows air to pass and water to drain well. The Guzmania genus has more than 150 species and nearly all are tank-forming. Small pots help induce blooming in mature plants. The most common ones include mealy bugs, sclae and aphid. ), last for two to three years! However, because their leaves are crunchy, your dog or cat may get tempted and chomp on them. Well-drained soil is crucial for healthy bromeliads, so fill the pot ⅓ full with Miracle-Gro® Cactus, Palm & Citrus Potting Mix, which is specially formulated for low-water plants. This will help increase them temperature temporarily. Over watering bromeliads is the most common cause of plant death, so it’s important to pay close attention to your variety and exercise caution. It’s not a good idea to use tap water with your guzmania because of all the potential chemicals added to it. Available in white, red, pink, and yellow colors, it is taller than most other bromeliad species. And, because of its bright colored bracts that extend up and outwards, they make for eye-catching displays. And, you want to make sure that the thermostat does not go below 60 degrees. >> tillandsias. They hold … The soil of bromeliad plants must remain moist but not wet which can lead to fungal and bacterial problems commonly seen in overwatered plants. However, if you do choose the west, you’ll want to move it a bit farther away from the sun’s rays. This means in their native environment, they don’t grow in soil. Bromeliad plants have spectacular flowers which are really “bracts” that stay colorful for 6-10 weeks. As with anthuriums, bromeliads are epiphytes. This adds enough weight to keep it from falling over. Guzmania are fairly typical bromeliads. Both areas give you a lot of bright, natural sunlight. You may consider growing in terra cotta or clay pots because they are heavier, less prone to tipping over and are more attractive. Basic Bromeliads Care Tips Select suitable potting mix for your bromeliads. It narrow stature and small base makes it top heavy. Additionally, it slows their growth and their ability to produce pups as well. So, if you had hard water, use a filter or purify it before watering your plant. This is why the kitchen and bathroom are good spots for this plant, as long as they get enough light there. Plastic pots are less expensive, but may not be heavy enough for tall plants such as billbergia. Similarly, too much water can also lead to root rot. There are over 120 different guzmania plants and all of them are native to South America. When you do so, make sure to use a pair of sterilized scissors. Guzmania Bromeliad . It needs excellent drainage, so commercial orchid or bromeliad mix is a good choice. Required fields are marked *. You can use 50% orchid bark and 50% coco coir or peat moss. Drainage must be good at all stages of the plant's life. Fertilizer: This plant may be fertilized with a balanced fertilizer mix. Guzmania bromeliads are tropical plants. Originally from the tropics of South America, Central America and Africa, these plants are easy to care for. As the main plant begins to die back, it will start to grow pups or plantlets. Guzmania lingulata is a epiphytic bromeliad variety, which means it gets little nourishment and water through its roots. Bromeliads provide color and a decorative air to any interior space. Foliage: varies in shape.Usually quite rigid, often colourful, sometimes with spines on edges. All you need to do is feed them during their growing season (spring & summer). Once it hits 55 degrees or lower, your plant will start feeling the stress. Epiphytic Bromeliads have a compact root system primarily for anchorage rather than moisture and nutrient uptake and retention. Once the pups get to a few inches, the mother plant will almost be out of life. The most common variety of bromeliads, the flowering guzmania (Guzmania spp. Soil: Guzmania lingulata may be grown in two ways in nature. Soil. Similarly, they will tolerate some low light conditions as well. Thus, the best places to put them are either facing the east or the west. From here, you can care for them as you did the parent plant. In addition to moderately warm conditions, you’ll want to keep the humidity high. And, their life cycle continues. There’s no need to repot your guzmania because its root system never really grows enough to warrant moving to a larger container. But, too little light will reduce their lifespan. Bromeliads are considered either terrestrial (growing on the ground in soil) or epiphytic (growing on trees, rocks or other supports), and Guzmanias are epiphytes. Thus, the water can pool and cause the plant to rot. In colder conditions, one way to help it stay warm is to get rid of the cold water that’s left in its cup and replace it with warmer water. Otherwise, they’ll become susceptible to root rot. Your email address will not be published. Once to three times a year is more than enough. Some bromeliads are necessarily epiphytic - growing on trees or other places; others are terrestrial - growing in the soil. These tropical beauties are known as epiphytic plants and attach to trees with roots that never reach the soil. 4, 5 and 6” pots are the most common sizes used for growing bromeliads. And, in 2-5 years, the pups will bloom and the life cycle ends then begins all over again. Guzmania by ScotTi: Aug 22, 2019 6:43 AM: 35: Trying to ID some Bromeliads by tx_flower_child: Jun 24, 2018 8:27 PM: 0: Bromeliad by dawiz1753: Nov 24, 2017 12:02 AM: 3: Please help ID the epiphyte by thepegasus: Jul 9, 2016 7:34 AM: 3: Bromeliad (Guzmania); … Thus, causing the moisture in the air to dry quicker. Plus the rocks make is easy for air to circulate and water to drain. Watering Potted or Garden Bromeliads Collect rainwater to water your bromeliad plant, if possible. Drainage is key for all bromeliads. But, be aware when the temperature starts to cool down. Alternatively, you can also lightly water them through the soil and keep the cup dry during the wintertime. But, if left in less than ideal temperatures and humidity, you may see your guzmania experience pest infestation. This will eliminate any salt build up on the leaves t… Terrestrial bromeliads (those that grow on the ground) often require a growing media which can either be soil or a soilless potting mix.Ensure that the soil/mix has good drainage for your bromeliads to thrive. Because they’re not growing in soil, whatever moisture they get just washes off. This makes them appealing for beginner gardeners and houseplant owners with brown thumbs. When filling the cup, you want to maintain it at about a quarter full. But, depending on where you live you may have to adjust the thermostat and humidity levels to accommodate them. There are numerous varieties of bromeliads to choose from all with different leaf colors and shapes. It will shorten the life of the inflorescence. Bromeliads are epiphytes, which means they grow on other plants in their native environments, & require excellent drainage. The mix I use for my bromeliads is a combination of pine bark suitable for pots and planters, orchid mix (that has charcoal in it) and a small amount of perlite (either fine or jumbo). Fill the plant’s “tank” but drain frequently as well to prevent stagnant water. As far as potting mixes are concerned, we separate Bromeliads into two types. Plants growing in this medium will rot quickly and not be successful. One quick way to do this is to add pebbles at the bottom of your pot. Terrestrial Bromeliads like Cryptanthus and others have root systems similar to ‘normal’ plants and like good, loamy potting soil with good drainage and aeration - qualities found in most bagged potting mixes. And, on a regular basis, replace the old water with fresh one. As such, they are used to warm, humid conditions. In addition to the soil, it is important to note that because guzmanias use their roots as anchoring systems rather than structural foundation, they tend to be top heavy. Allow soil to dry to two inches down between watering. In indoor settings, this plant needs high light, dry soil, medium relative humidity, and the central vase kept full of water. The cup in the middle of the plant serves like a “water tank” that allows it to collect what it needs. Bromeliad Guzmania Plant Guzmania plants are perennial plants in the bromeliad family. It’s hard to speak generally about any family of plants that involves dozens of genera and hundreds or thousands of species. And, because of its bright colored bracts that extend up and outwards, they make for eye-catching displays. This damages the tender, developing roots. Bromeliads are great plants for any garden, especially if you live in the sub tropics. You can also mount epiphytes on trees or other structures, which we will cover in a future article. Make sure to flush the cup regularly to avoid disease and the build up of minerals found in the water. Plants may require repotting into a 5” or 6” pot after one or more seasons if it is a larger cultivar or one that produces offshoots. Popular as a striking houseplant with a lifespan of about 2 to 3 years, bromeliad comes with broad, succulent leaves and colorful foliage, flowering only once in its entire lifetime. You can likewise let the cup dry out for a few days before filling it again with a little bit of water. However, it’s not considered a parasitic plant and does not harm or feed off the host supporting it. Fertilizer for Guzmanias. Preferably, you should use rainwater or distilled water to fill the tank. Normally I either mix it in a nine litre bucket made up of about 3 1/4 bark, 1 quarter orchid mix and about 2 cups of perlite. Both combinations work well for allowing your guzmania to get the hydration it needs without getting waterlogged. Some gravel at the bottom of the container helps. So, you’ll want to balance out the weight at the bottom of the pot to keep it from tipping over. In contrast, terrestrial bromeliads (those that grow in the soil), have root systems closer to common houseplants. Unlike vining plants, you don’t need to worry about trimming back your guzmania bromeliad. These grow up to become mature bromeliads. Bromeliad is a well-known tropical epiphyte plant, growing in the ground and also on other stuff like rainforest trees, logs, rocks, and other plants. Bromeliads in general are relatively slow-growing. The Guzmania Bromeliad is a unique-looking colorful plant that’s perfect as indoor tabletop or shelf décor. So, a good way to feed your guzmania is to spray the fertilizer on its leaves as well as the growing medium. I like to use an all-purpose orchid fertilizer diluted to 50% strength. It does this using its leaves. Guzmania Bromeliad Temperature & Humidity, Anthurium Warocqueanum (Queen Anthurium) Plant Care, How to Grow & Care for Calathea Musaica (Goeppertia Kegeljanii), How to Grow & Care for Calathea White Fusion, How to Grow and Care for Calathea Zebrina (Zebra Plant), How to Grow & Care for Anthurium Superbum (Bird’s Nest Anthurium), Growing Dracaena Reflexa (Pleomele) Plants, Red Edged Dracaena Plant Care – Growing Dracaena Marginata (Madagascar Dragon Tree), How to Grow Dracaena Compacta (Dwarf Dracaena), Growing Beautiful Sarah Bernhardt Peony Plants at Home. The only time you’ll need to prune it is to keep it healthy. 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