(Calverton: Macro International, 2008), "Amhara Region Announces Appointment of 22 Cabinet Members", "State and Politics in Ethiopia's Somali region since 1991", https://www.ethiopiaobserver.com/2018/08/12/ahmed-shide-named-chairman-of-the-somali-region-ruling-party/, Exclusive: Third day EPRDF EC discussing “Prosperity Party” Regulation. In Ethiopia, the population of the Dollo Ado refugee complex in the country's southeast passed the 170,000-mark last week. The Oromos are the largest ethnic group in Ethiopia (34.5% of the population), numbering about 37 million. The population is predominantly Somali, and there have been attempts to incorporate the area into a Greater Somalia. The other offices in the executive branch cabinet are the Regional Health Bureau, Educational Bureau, and 18 other officials.[14]. Other minority languages included Oromo (0.7%), and Amharic (0.1%). Established in 1991 to provide refuge for families fleeing the Somali Civil War, Dadaab consists of four camps: Dagahaley, Hagadera, Ifo, and Ifo 2. UNHCR ETHIOPIA Somali population group a comprehensive report for refugee response plan as of June 2020. Somali Region has 3 international airport and 2 commercial airports. A possibly more accurate estimate (mid-2008) of the Wereda population is shown in the tables below [4]. The Tigray Regional State came under TPLF control, which allowed the party to promote its harmful ideology among the whole Tigray population of Ethiopia undisturbed. A Seven-justice panel composes the court, which, by its own discretion, hears appeals from the courts of appeals, and retains original jurisdiction over limited matters. The Progress Scale is derived from people group values for percent Evangelical and percent Christian Adherent. - Few evangelicals and few who identify as Christians. Somali refugees have been arriving steadily by boat in Yemen since 1991, via the Gulf of Aden [23]. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia's capital city, is home to about 443,821 Muslims or 16.2%. In 1970 the Somalia country tried to invade the Somali region, but they lost by Ogaden war. John Markakis (1996): "The Somali in Ethiopia". Ethiopia is a Federal Democratic Republic composed of 9 National Regional states: namely Tigray, Afar, Amhara, Oromia, Somali, Benishangul-Gumuz, Southern Nations Nationalities and People Region (SNNPR), Gambella and Harari, and two Administrative states (Addis Ababa City administration and Dire Dawa city council). The population of Somali regional state is around 6 million, according to the last projection by the Central Statics Agency. The Cushitic branch of the Afro-Asian language family is represented by the languages Oromo, Sidamo and Somali. As of April 30, 2017, UNHCR estimated that a… The region was Italian and British-colony, but in 1954, Britain handed over the region secretly to Ethiopia, a decision rejected by the Ogaden Somali population who … Ethiopia also hosts an additional caseload drawn from Therefore, they borrow a great deal of their social norms from Islam. Somalia are the third ethnic group in Ethiopia with almost 7% of the population being ethnic Somalis. Mainly, Somali and Oromia regions; areas in Afar and Dire Dawa regions.. Joshua Project data is drawn from many sources and of varying accuracy depending on source and editorial decisions. Oromo and Amharic people make up more than half of the Ethiopian population. Islam is the predominant religion among Somalis. Islam first arrived in Ethiopia in 614 with the First Migration to Abyssinia. The area is remote and isolated from the highlands. These councils have the responsibility of managing budgets and development activities within their respective districts. * Ask the Holy Spirit to soften their hearts towards Christians so that they will be receptive to the Gospel. Over two million live in Ethiopia, where they are known as the Western Somali. The standard Islamic prayers are usually observed; however, Somali women have never worn the required veils. Other major ethnic groups include the Somali (6.2%), Tigray (6.1%), Sidama (4%), Gurage (2.5%), Welayta (2.3%), Afar … Ethiopia Urban Population Currently, 20.9 % of the population of Ethiopia is urban (23,376,340 people in 2019) Population Density. In Afra region the 1994 census was performed in 1996 and in the Somali region in 1997. They are easily collapsible so that they can be loaded on pack animals and moved along with the herds. Oromos are Ethiopia's biggest ethnic group - making up about a third of Ethiopia's population while Ethiopian Somalis make up just 6% of the population. End Notes: [1] Plan Ethiopia and the African Child Policy Forum (2005). There are only a few known believers among the Somali living in Ethiopia. The Somali region is only 5,285 square kilometers smaller than Oromia. The majority of Ethiopia’s population is Christian (about 62 percent), distributed around 43 percent Orthodox, 18 percent Protestant and 0.6 percent Catholic. Somali 02.04.2019 Vacancy Notice No. They are easily collapsible so that they can be loaded on pack animals and moved along with the herds. The dominant ethnic group living in the town was Somali (99%), 1994 Population and Housing Census of Ethiopia: Results for Somali Region, Vol. A case heard in this system is decided by a three-judge panel, and each judge is elected. Some 70,000 fled the border area between Oromiya and Somali after conflict erupted between Boran and Garri over a borehole,” an International Crisis Group report detailed. Access to modern health services is very limited in Ethiopia. The data is sometimes not as precise as it appears. Ethiopia Administrative Regions, Cities and Population. The population was projected to be 5,748,998 in 2017. Somali region. Malnutrition alone has accounted for the death of thousands of Somali since the 1970s. The number of Somali refugees in Ethiopia was reported to be 355,000 as of December 1990, 30,000 of whom arrived in the first quarter of 1990 (Reuters 18 May 1990). Its terrain consists mainly of plateaus, plains, and highlands. The Somali regional government is composed of the executive branch, led by the President; the legislative branch, which comprises the State Council; and the judicial branch, which is led by the State Supreme Court. Values for %Christian Adherent and %Evangelical (which determine unreached status) are often informed estimates, some more accurate than others. Joshua Project may be able to provide more information than what is published on this site. Trigger happy police continue to terrorize the population in the region.” said Ahmed, a resident of Qabridahare city, in Korahe Zone of the Somali Region in eastern Ethiopia. Also the Issa is the second largest sub-clan within the borders of the Somali region of Ethiopia based on the Ethiopian population census 2008. While the majority of Somali refugees have sought asylum in either Ethiopia or Kenya (exceeding 567,000 total refugees), more than 255,000 Somali refugees have been registered in Yemen as of December 2017 [20]. The success of the 2007 Population and Housing Census of Ethiopia was the outcome of the collaborative efforts of the Government, various Development Partners agencies and the people of Ethiopia. Fafan (Somali: Faafan) is one of nine zones of the Somali Region in Ethiopia.It was previously known as the Jijiga zone, so named after its largest city, Jijiga. Ethiopia Operation: Somali Humanitarian Snapshot Site of Population Of Concern to UNHCR and UNHCR Offices in Ethiopia (November 2020) … The Somali Region (Somali: Dawladda Deegaanka Soomaalida/Soomaali Galbeed.,[3][failed verification], Amharic: የሶማሌ ክልል, Arabic: المنطقة الصومالية‎), officially known as the Somali Regional State, is the second largest and easternmost of the ten regions (Kililoj) of Ethiopia. [8], According to the CSA, as of 2004[update], 38.98% of the total population had access to safe drinking water, of whom 21.32% were rural inhabitants and 77.21% were urban. A fifth camp, Kambioos, was closed in February 2017. [21], Like other Regions in Ethiopia, Somali Region is subdivided into eleven administrative zones and Six Special administrative zones:[22]. Please. Men and women do not touch while greeting each other. Dollo Ado shelters Somali refugees and is the world's biggest refugee complex after Dadaab in Kenya. Background: Population Mobility and Internal Displacement in Ethiopia. They have a more varied diet, which includes maize, beans, rice, eggs, poultry, bananas, dates, mangoes, and tea. They converted to Islam around 1550, under the influence of Arab traders that had settled along the coast of present-day Somalia. Largest Cities in Ethiopia # CITY NAME - Few evangelicals, but significant number who identify as Christians. * Scripture Prayers for the Somali in Ethiopia. The country's population is highly diverse, comprising over 80 different ethnic groups. The map below shows the population density in the Somali region based on the 2007 census. The State of Somali has a very large area size ranking second next to Oromiya. Abiy has formed a new party, the Prosperity Party, by unifying three of the four ethnically-based parties in the coalition that had ruled Ethiopia since 1991. Ethiopia is a landlocked country in the east of Africa. There are four major Somali clan groups. Little, if any, history of Christianity. Typically, the Somali wear brightly colored cloths draped over their bodies like togas. With a 2019 population of approximately 112.08 million, up from 2015’s estimate of 98.9 million, Ethiopia is the most populous landlocked country in the continent of Africa and the second-most populous country of Africa after … Rebels seeking independence for the Somali-speaking population in Ethiopia have operated in the Ogaden since 1984. The success of the 2007 Population and Housing Census of Ethiopia was the outcome of the collaborative efforts of the Government, various Development Partners agencies and the people of Ethiopia. The 2019 population density in Ethiopia is 112 people per Km 2 (290 people per mi 2), calculated on a total land area of 1,000,000 Km2 (386,102 sq. The army of Somalia invaded and occupied the region in the second half of 1977, with encouragement from some of the indigenous Somali population. Ethiopia Operation: Somali Humanitarian Snapshot Site of Population Of Concern to UNHCR and UNHCR Offices in Ethiopia (November 2020) … In Ethiopia alone, there are 285,000 refugees, constituting more than three-quarters of the refugee population in the country, who are now seriously challenging their host country's tolerance. In great need of spiritual renewal and commitment to biblical faith. Mainly, Somali and Oromia regions; areas in Afar and Dire Dawa regions. The area is remote and isolated from the highlands. With an estimated area of 279,252 square kilometers, this region has an estimated density of 15.9 people per square kilometer. The two largest are the Somaal and the Sab. The intermediate-level court system is the district court system. In February and March 1978 Ethiopia, helped by Cuba and the Soviet Union , drove the Somali army out and proceeded to bomb and strafe Ogaden villages as reprisal for their complicity in the invasion. [4], In the previous census, conducted in 1994, the region's population was reported to be 3,439,860, of which 1,875,996 were males and 1,563,864 were females. The more settled Somali farmers live in permanent, round huts that are six to nine feet high. [4], Jijiga is the capital of the Somali Regional State. Bordered by Kenya, South Sudan, Sudan, Djibouti, Eritrea, and Somalia, Ethiopia has an estimated 2019 population of 112.08 million, which ranks 12th in the world. Oromia and Somali are, respectively, the two largest regions in the country by area size. We welcome. He/she may receive indirect guidance from other sections and units relevant to the country programme(s). Gode was the capital of Somali region but in 1995 it is changed into Jigiga. Ahmed, who only wants to be mentioned by his first name, came in the midst of sporadic conflicts in recent weeks that left a trail of several civilians deaths and injuries. The Issa are the largest clan by population within the Djibouti. Infant, child, and maternal mortality have fallen sharply over the past decade, but the total fertility rate has declined more slowly and the population continues to grow. “By a very conservative estimate, several thousand people were killed in inter-ethnic conflicts in Ethiopia between 1991 and 2005,” the report said. The Somali Region covers much of the traditional territory of Ogaden and it formed a large part of the pre-1995 province of Hararghe. * Ask God to grant favor and wisdom to missions agencies focusing on the Somali. The Ethiopian Constitution requires that a population census be conducted every ten years and had given the responsibility of conducting the census to the The Somali region has among the youngest population in Ethiopia as well as globally – more than 60 per cent of the population are children and adolescents aged 0 to 19 years. The Sudanese caseload comprised 42,285 individuals, with 6,456 new arrivals in the Beneshangul-Gumuz Region. * Ask the Lord of the harvest to send forth laborers into Ethiopia. Mercy Corps has been working in the Somali Region of Ethiopia for more than 10 years and has developed deep relationships Having an abundant supply of food is a status symbol among the clans. Ethiopia is a predominantly agricultural country – more than 80% of the population lives in rural areas – that is in the early stages of demographic transition. In 2017, this had increased to 65% and 32% respectively. These two regions cover more than 55% of Ethiopian land. Tobias Hagmann, "Beyond clannishness and colonialism: understanding political disorder in Ethiopia's Somali Region, 1991- 2004". [20], The State Council, which is the highest administrative body of the state, is made up of 269 members. Introduction. The lowest level is the court of common pleas: each woreda maintains its own constitutionally mandated court of common pleas, which maintain jurisdiction over all justiciable matters. The Somali population has an average life expectancy of about 50 years, considerably lower than that of neighbouring countries. On-the-ground reality may vary from what is presented here. Several million Somali live scattered across eight countries in the northeastern portion of Africa, commonly called the "Horn of Africa," and in the Middle East. Other major languages included Oromifa (2.24%), Amharic (0.92%), and Gurage (0.033%). This is not surprising since they did not have a written script until 1972. The men may also wear kilts. In rare instances a representative photo may be used. Operational context. The executive branch is headed by the President of Somali Region. Five other regionally-based parties, including Mustafa’s Somali Democratic Party, have also joined. By 1650, they had moved into Ethiopia. Dollo Ado shelters Somali refugees and is the world's biggest refugee complex after Dadaab in Kenya. In 2018, Ethiopia … In Ethiopia, the population of the Dollo Ado refugee complex in the country's southeast passed the 170,000-mark last week. The totals of 2007 and 2015 include 96,754 and 118,000 persons, respectively, living in the special enumeration areas Moyale, Afdem, Meda Welabu and Mulo. The Somali region after a meeting held on May 3 in the capital Jigjiga said it had unilaterally withdrawn from a 2014 agreement with Afar region to hand over three areas. Despite this defeat, local groups still tried either to become part of Somal… Ethiopia has a population density of 83 people per square mile (214/square mile), which ranks 123rd in the world. [1], There are 8 refugee camps and 1 transit center, housing 212,967 refugees from Somalia, located in Somali Region. How can I help you? With a population of over 300,000 Jijiga Wereda has the highest population and two other Weredas - Moyale and Awbere - have a population of over a quarter of a million. Somali society is based on the nuclear family, which consists of a husband, wife, and children. The men often leave the women in charge of the herds, so that they might train to become more effective fighters. A displayed zero can mean true zero, a very small rounded number or sometimes unknown. These clans are a core part of their culture. miles). Sunni Islam accounts for 99.4% of the population, 0.50% Orthodox Christian, and 0.10% are followers of all other religions. Their diet includes milk, meat, and wild fruits. The six Somali refugee camps, all open, are located in the "barren and remote" region of eastern Ethiopia … Droughts, famines, and wars have created numerous problems. In the 1990s, only 14% of the population had access to water and 3% to sanitation coverage. A possibly more accurate estimate (mid-2008) of the Wereda population is shown in the tables below [4]. Their name is derived from the words, "so … A typical family owns a herd of sheep or goats and a few burden camels. The total population os Somali region are about 10,134,606. Correspondents say they seemed to get a new lease of life when Ethiopia troops went into Somalia to oust the Islamist administration from Mogadishu in late 2006. Prayer Points * Scripture Prayers for the Somali in Somalia. [7] The ethnic groups included Somalis (96.23%), Oromo (2.25%), Amhara (0.69%), and Gurages (0.14%). More than one in three people in the region are children below the age of 10. For the entire region 685,986 households were counted, which results in an average for the Region of 6.8 persons to a household, with urban households having on average 6 and rural households 6.5 people. The urban residents of the Somali Region numbered 492,710 households, with an average of 6.6 persons per household; a high sex ratio of 120 males to 100 females was reported. This page was last edited on 10 January 2021, at 20:03. Ethiopia + 3 more. * Pray for effectiveness of the Jesus film among the Somali. The Somali share a common language, adhere to a single faith, and share a cultural heritage that is an integral part of their nomadic lifestyle. Editor's Note: Abdirahman Ahmed is a Lecturer, Jigjiga University, Somali region. The Harari people of Ethiopia are located in the Harar Region of Ethiopia … Malnutrition alone has accounted for the death of thousands of Somali since the 1970s. Before making travel plans based on data presented here, please confirm with other sources to the extent possible. * Pray that God will raise up prayer teams to go and break up the soil through worship and intercession. The International Organization for Migration (IOM) in Ethiopia carried out its first international charter flight carrying the Somali refugees to be resettled in Germany last week. Africa Communities in Ethiopia's Somali Region face chronic drought linked to climate change. The regional state borders the Ethiopian states of Afar and Oromia and the chartered city Dire Dawa (Dir Dhaba) to the west, as well as Djibouti and Somaliland to the north, Somalia to the northeast and east; and Kenya to the southwest. He can be reached at: amuhumad@jju.edu.et. The Somaal are primarily nomadic shepherds. Three consecutive years of poor rainfall had adversely affected agricultural yields and the condition of pastures. The Joshua Project Progress Scale is an estimate of the progress of church planting among a people group, people cluster, country or language. There is a strong sense in the Southern region, the Somali region and Oromia, of having been conquered, marginalised and relegated to the periphery of Ethiopian history. Until its first-ever district elections in February 2004, Zonal and woreda administrators, and village chairmen were appointed by the Regional government. The surface area in Ethiopia is currently at 1,104,300 km² (or 426,372.6137 miles square). To the Somali, this is actually a rough expression of hospitality. Somali region have total area of 327,068 km2 it makes the second largest region in Ethiopia. The Oil-rich Ogaden Region borders Djibouti, Kenya and Somalia and many of its residents are ethnic Somalis. There are three levels of the Somali region judiciary. Somalia, officially the Federal Republic of Somalia is a sovereign country in the Horn of Africa.It is bordered by Ethiopia to the west, Djibouti to the northwest, the Gulf of Aden to the north, the Indian Ocean to the east, and Kenya to the southwest. Most people in Ethiopia speak Afroasiatic languages, mainly of the Semitic or Cushitic branches. The Somali region in Eastern Ethiopia comprises 9 zones and has a population of approximately 3.76 million, the majority of whom are pastoralists and agro-pastoralists. : ETH/JI/VN/003/19 Organizational Context The incumbent receives guidance from more senior programme staff in the operation. The chief judge is called the Chief of Soamli Supreme Court Abdullahi Saed Omar. Ethiopia, historically also known as Abyssinia, is Africa's oldest independent country and its second largest in terms of population. [9] Values for other reported common indicators of the standard of living for Somali as of 2005[update] include the following: 71.8% of the inhabitants fall into the lowest wealth quintile; adult literacy for men is 22% and for women 9.8%; and the Regional infant mortality rate is 57 infant deaths per 1,000 live births, which is less than the nationwide average of 77; at least half of these deaths occurred in the infants’ first month of life.[10]. The Somali Region covers much of the traditional territory of Huwan and it formed a large part of the pre-1995 province of Hararghe. At present the state comprises 9 administrative zones and 49 woredas. The population is predominantly Somali, and there have been attempts to incorporate the area into a Greater Somalia. The highest-ranking court, the Somali Supreme Court, is Somali's "court of last resort". * Ask God to anoint the Gospel as it goes forth via radio and television to the Somali. For further help try our FAQ, Definitions or Contact Us pages. [6], Based on the 2007 Census conducted by the Central Statistical Agency of Ethiopia (CSA), the Somali Region has a total population of 4,445,219, consisting of 2,472,490 men and 1,972,729 women; urban inhabitants number 623,004 or 14.02% of the population, a further 1,687,858 or 37.97% were pastoralists. Ethiopia shares a long and porous border with Somalia and has a large ethnically Somali population. Although the Somali are nearly all Shafiite Muslims, numerous beliefs and traditions have been intermingled with their Islamic practices. For nomadic inhabitants, the CSA provided two sets of estimates, one based on aerial surveys and the other on more conventional methodology:[12], West from Addis Ababa, Awash 572 km via Harar and Jijiga to Degehabur. Somali was the working language and is predominantly spoken within the Region, spoken by 95.9% of the inhabitants. camps for Somali refugees in Ethiopia and Kenya. Blanks mean an unknown value. Find a People Group, Language, Country, Resource, Send us an updated map of this people group, Story of Jesus audio (Jesus Film Project). Despite this defeat, local groups still tried either to become part of Somalia or independent. The other ethnic groups include Somali, Tigray, Sidama, Gurage Wolaytta, Afar, Hadiya, and Gamo. John Markakis (1994): "Briefing: Somalia in the New Political Order of Ethiopia". Fights often occur between the clans, resulting in many deaths. Four courts of appeals exist, each retaining jurisdiction over appeals from common pleas, municipal, and county courts in an administrative zone. The Eritrean planned population comprised 139,281 individuals at the end of the year, with 72,737 new arrivals received within the Tigray and Afar Regions. The current President is Mustafa Muhummed Omer (Cagjar), elected in 22 August 2018. The Sab usually settle in communities and live as farmers or craftsmen. This area is approximately 159% of the area of Texas. The activities of missionaries among the Somali have met with little success. We recommend against using %Christian Adherent and %Evangelical to calculate absolute numbers. The more camels a man has, the greater his prestige. Ethiopia has made impressive progress in expanding access to water and sanitation from a very low base. Somalis first appeared in the Horn of Africa around 1200 A.D., and began expanding westward and southward about 150 years later. Villagers and urban settlers frequently turn to the wadaad (a religious expert) for blessings, charms and advice in worldly matters. The Somali consider themselves warriors. In the 2004 local elections, each woreda elected a council including a spokesman, vice-spokesman, administrator, and vice-administrator. Ethnic groups include Somalis (97.2%), Amhara (0.66%), Oromo (0.46%), foreign-born Somalis (0.20%) and Gurages (0.12%). Published: 20 November 2020 (1 month ago) Uploaded: 20 November 2020 (1 month ago) As of July 2020, the registered population under the UNHCR Sub-Office in Jijiga (SOJ) stood at 39,286 persons, of whom 60% are below the age of 18. Members of the Ogaden clan primarily live in the central Ogaden plateau of Ethiopia (Somali Region), the North Eastern Province of Kenya, and the Jubaland region of Southern Somalia.. Somali nomads live in portable huts made of wooden branches covered with grass mats. The Somali share a common language, adhere to a single faith, and share a cultural heritage that is an integral part of their nomadic lifestyle. Harari (Adere) People. Somali was spoken by 99.92% of the inhabitants. 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